7 Principles of Landscape Design Used in Sydney’s Northern Beaches

The term principle deals with a standard for working with a number of elements and the intended landscape design. A good landscape designer servicing the Northern Beaches of New South Wales will follow seven principles.

These principles include utility, balance, proportion, focalization, transition, rhythm, and repetition. These are the basic things that landscapers use to make the lawn look great.

principles of garden design scale and proportion


  1. Utility

Utility talks about what it used to create harmony and consistency with the main landscaping design. This will help connect all parts of the design together. This can be done by using plants, trees, or other items that can create a line or shape, hues, or have similar textures.

If there is too much utility the project may look boring. Some variety is needed but be careful not to overdo it. Textures can give the lawn a great look.



2. Balance

Balance will help give the landscaping project a symmetrical look. To get this weight and mass, the number of objects have to be the same on both sides of the landscaping design. Asymmetry or an informal balance will give the feeling that both sides are balanced but they will not look exactly the same.

It may use opposing compositions on either side. Landscaping that has a radial balance will have a center point. A sunflower or a wheel can have radial balance. Avoid putting too many decorations in the lawn as this can make it look too busy.

design elements of landscaping in Sydney


3. Design Proportion

Proportion is the relationship between the design as a whole and different parts of the design. A large fountain would make a small yard look cramped. It would look great in a courtyard. When deciding upon proportion, the landscaper has to keep in mind how people are going to use and interact with the design.


4. Focalization

Focalization or the emphasis is where a person’s visual attention will be drawn to. This could be a sculpture, plant, or even a spruce. To draw attention to this point contrasting colour is needed, a different line, or a plain background.

Paths, walkways, and plants can help direct attention to the focal point without distracting from the overall layout. This will be the first thing that people are drawn to when they look at the land.

simplicity in landscape design


5. Transition

Sequence and transition pieces will give the landscaping project visual movement. This can be done by the progression of textures, colors, sizes, and forms.

An example is the transition plants that go from coarse to medium to fine in texture. This may be used to create depth as well as distance. It can also help give the lawn a focal point.


6. Rhythm

Rhythm will create a feeling of moving from one part of the design to another. This can be done with repeating color, shapes, textures, and forms. When done properly it will eliminate confusion and will allow for contrast.

landscape design principles


7. Repetition

Many landscaping designs use repetition. This can be done with shapes, forms, textures, as well as colors. Be careful when using repetition as it is easy to overdo it. When this is done correctly it can lead to rhythm and will give the landscaping a focal point as well.

The Northern Beaches of Sydney include suburbs like Allambie Heights, Collaroy, Freshwater, Frenchs Forest, Dee Why, Vaucluse, Manly, Narrabeen, Seaforth, Avalon, Balgowlah, Mona Vale, Wheeler Heights among others. Landscape and garden maintenance is a thriving business in the northern beaches region.

For more information, check out:

NBG Landscapes
610/320 Harris St, Pyrmont NSW 2009, Australia
+61 422 246 213

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